成考热线:
400-869-6989

山东成考之主谓一致复习一

文章来源:山东成考网2021-03-24 16:22:20 学习交流群+ 加入 微信公众号+ 关注

  一、定义

  主谓一致指谓语动词与主语必须在人称、数上保持一致。在具体处理一致关系时可遵循以下原则:语法一致、就近原则、就远原则。


  二、主谓一致的分类

  (一)语法一致

  1.以单数名词或代词、不定式、动名词或从句作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。

  His father is working on the farm.

  To work hard is necessary.

  Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes.

  What he said is very important for us.

  注意:

  1.

  (1)what引导的从句作主语,若表语是复数名词,谓语动词用复数。

  What he bought were some books.

  (2)当what引导的从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构时,谓语动词用复数。

  What I say and do are help for you.


  2.each,every,either,neither以及由some,any,no,every构成的复合代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  Each of us has a new bike.


版权保护: 本文由 山东成考网提供,转载请保留链接: http://www.jyhz.org/ckzl/3790.html