Forty—thousand of the world’s young children die every day.Many of these deaths can be prevented.In fact，experts say，techniques now exist to save the lives of half of these children.The techniques are medically effective(有效的)，simple to use and low cost.The biggest task has been to inform parents about these life-saving techniques.
Diarrhea(腹泻)is the main cause of death among children in developing countries.Diarrhea results when the body tries to clear itself of harmful bacteria(细菌).The body does this by getting our liquids，sometimes uncontrollably.If too much water，sugar and salt ale lost in this way，the body cannot work normally.The child may die.
The Uni ted Nations International Children’s Fund，UNICF，introduces a technique.It uses a simple mixture of sugar and salt in water.The mixture does not stop diarrhea.But if used often as needed，it keeps fluid(体液)levels normal until the body has fought off the harmful bacteria.
In Egypt，for example，the treatment was used in a children’s health care program in the province of Alexandria.It reduced by one—half the number of deaths caused by diarrhea.The technique has now been used throughout the country.
36.According to the passage，a large number of Children can be saved only when________.
A.the life—saving ways are medically effective
B.their parents are rich enough for the life—saving techniques
C.rite life—saving techniques are easy to use
D.their parents learn the life—saving techniques
37.Which of the following situations will cause the death of a child?
A.Tile child clears its body of bacteria.
B.The body loses liquids without any control.
C.The child has diarrhea in a developing country.
D.The body controls its fluid levels.
38.When the mixture is used，it is important to________..
A.keep sugar and salt in water
B.drink it as often as necessary
C.take it as much as possible
D.use it to kill the bacteria
I rushed into an ugly little shop to have the heels(鞋后跟)of my shoes repaired.“Please hurry.”I begged.
The shoemaker looked at me over his glasses.“Now，lady，we won’t be long.I want to do a good job.You see，I have a tradition(传统)to live up to.My father was a shoemaker.He always told me，‘Son，do the best job on every shoe that comes into the shop，and be proud of you fine work.’”
As he handed me the finished shoes，he said，“These will last a long time.’’
I left the shop with a warm and grateful(感激的)feeling.This was the beginning of our friendship.Since then I went into his shop every few days just to talk with him.
One day，I went in disappinted and angry because of a poor job some painters had done for me.
“They had no pride in their work，”I said.“They didn’t want to work.They just wanted to collect their money for doing nothing.What can be done about it?’’
“There's only one way.Every mail or woman who hash’t a prideful tradition must start building one.No matter what sort of work a mall does，if he gives it his best each day.he's starting a tradition for his children to live up to.And he is making lots of happiness for him.self.’’
I went to Europe for a few months.When I returned，I learned that the old shoemaker suddenly had got sick two weeks ago，right there in his shop.He had died a few days later.1 went home with a heavy heart.I would miss him.He had left me something——an important piece of wisdom(名言)I shall always remember：“If you have a prideful tradition，you must carry it on;if you have not，then start building one now.’’
39.The old shoemaker thought to do his best in his work each day was ________.
A.to make lots of happiness for others
B.to make plenty of happiness for himself
C.to start a tradition for himself to live up to
D.to build a tradition for his children to be proud of